module 0

Module 0

An introduction to Plastic Pollution

MODULE 0

AN INTRODUCTION TO PLASTIC (POLLUTION)

 

This module builds on the concepts of externalities in economics, specifically focussing on negative externalities. It explains how the concept can be applied to plastic pollution and relates it to a specific case study of tourism in Bali. Stakeholders and possible solutions are also discussed.

 

KEY CONCEPTS: Economic sectors, per capita vs per country, waste management, stakeholders and lobby groups, the tourism sector, environmental justice

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Economics modules

 
 

Negative externalities explain why plastic pollution is also an economic problem; it explains that  the costs of pollution are not accounted for in the market. In this module we will explore the concept of externalities in relation to the plastic pollution problem. We will also briefly focus on the issue of environmental justice. A case study of tourism in Bali illustrates the issue of negative externalities of plastic pollution, and discusses possible solutions.

Situations in which people fail to cooperate even though it would be in their (collective) interest to do so, are collective action problems. In this module we will explore why plastic pollution is a collective action problem and why the issue has not been resolved, even though it is in our best interest to do so. We will discuss the polluter pays principle as a possible solution to deal with plastic waste. Finally, we will discuss two examples of individuals who are taking responsibility and working to solve plastic pollution.

 

KEY CONCEPTS: Economic sectors, per capita vs per country, waste management, stakeholders and lobby groups, the tourism sector, environmental justice

KEY CONCEPTS: Collective action problem, tragedy of the commons, typology of goods, free riding common pool resources, polluter pays principle.

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Art modules

 
 

1. Political art and power

This module is on political art in relation to powerful institutions, and links this directly to the issue of plastic pollution. first we will explore the definition of political art, and link it directly to several pieces of art. Subsequently, three types of political art will be discussed: propaganda, political protest, and cartoons & satire. Finally, we will directly apply the concept of political art to the issue of plastic pollution and explore and discuss how it is used as a tool to influence multinationals.

KEY CONCEPTS: political art, propoganda, protest art

2. political art and society

This module is on political art in relation to society, specifically addressing plastic pollution. First we will define what political art actually means, and we will discuss several art pieces. Subsequently, we will discuss three categories of political art: portrayal, projection, and promotion. Finally, students will be asked to assess which of these type of art they perceive to be the most powerful when it comes to addressing plastic pollution

KEY CONCEPTS: political art, portrayal, projection, promotion

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Geography modules

 
 

1. The Global Float of Plastic (physical geography)

Remember that plastic bottle you threw out the other day? There is a solid change that it found its way to the ocean. Plastic is found in some of the most remote parts of the world, even floating in ice in the Arctic. This module explains how different ocean currents affect the global distribution of plastic waste. 

KEY CONCEPTS: Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae.

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